Dr. S. Esmael Balaghi


Dr. S. Esmael Balaghi

Postdoctoral fellow

Working area:

In-situ electrochemical liquid TEM and XAS studies of energy storage and electrochemical systems.

Topics of interest:

  • Solid-state electrochemistry
  • In-situ electrochemical TEM
  • X-ray, neutron and electron diffraction
  • X-ray spectroscopy (XAS, XES, RIXS)
  • Electrochemical surface and interface studies
  • Electrochemical senors
  • Coating and thin film fabrication
  • Corrosion and EIS

Selected Publications:

  • Mechanistic Understanding of a Copper-based Homogenous Water Oxidation Catalyst by In Situ Electrochemical Liquid Transmission Electron Microscopy
    S. E. Balaghi, S. Mehrabani, Y. Mousazade, R. Bagheri, A. S. Sologubenko, Z. Song, M. M. Najafpour, G. R. Patzke, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2021, 13, 17, 19927–19937.
  • Molybdenum-Doped Manganese Oxide as a Highly Efficient and Economical Water Oxidation Catalyst
    S. E. Balaghi, C. A. Triana, G. R. Patzke, ACS Catal. 2020, 10, 2074.
  • Economic Manganese Oxide-Based Anodes for Efficient Water Oxidation: Rapid Synthesis and In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Monitoring
    S. Heidari, S. E. Balaghi, A. Sologubenko, G. R. Patzke, ACS Catal. 2021, 11, 5, 2511–2523. 
  • Molecular and Heterogeneous Water Oxidation Catalysts: Recent Progress and Knowledge Transfer
    J. Li, C. A. Triana, W. Wan, D. P. Adiyeri Saseendran, Y. Zhao, S. E. Balaghi, S. Heidari, G. R. Patzke, Chem. Soc. Rev. 2021 50, 2444-2485.
  • Understanding the Dynamics of Molecular Water Oxidation Catalysts with Liquid Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy: The Case of Vitamin B12
    †Z. Abdi, †S. E. Balaghi (†Co-first author), A. S. Sologubenko, M. G. Willinger, J. R. Shen, S. I. Allakhverdiev*, G. R. Patzke*, M. M. Najafpour*, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2021, 9, 28, 9494–9505.
  • The role of surface states on reduced TiO2@BiVO4 photoanodes: Enhanced water oxidation performance through improved charge transfer
    H. Chen, J. Li, W. Yang, S. E. Balaghi, C. A. Triana, C. K. Mavrokefalos, G. R. Patzke, ACS Catal. 2021, 11, 13, 7637–7646.


Work Experience:

since 2021            PostDoctoral fellow, University of Freiburg, Freiburg Center
                             for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies (FIT)
                             (Prof. A. Fischer)

                             Development of in-situ electrochemical liquid TEM 

2016 - 2021          PhD in Chemistry, University of Zurich
                             (Prof. G. R. Patzke)

                             Investigation of electrode/electrolyte interface in OER
                             with different synchrotron-based (in-situ) spectroscopic
                             and electrochemical methods.


Hobbies and Interest:           

  • Basketball
  • Swimming
  • Music


Contact information:





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